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Characteristics of the remains of the techniques used by Neanderthal Man were found near the Arctic Circle. Their dating, estimated at 8000 years after the disappearance of theoretical Neanderthal Man, raises many questions.

A culture ever discovered around the Arctic Circle

The Mousterian culture, which developed during the Middle Paleolithic (-300 000 to -33 000 years), is distinguished by the use of a very diverse range of tools on flakes. In Europe the use of these tools has been exclusively associated with Neanderthal Man but the excavations indicate that the Middle East of the Homo Sapiens also have employees.

The remains were discovered on the site Byzovaya located in northern Russia in the immediate vicinity of the Arctic Circle on the current location of the Komi Republic. They consist of bones of mammoths and reindeer as well as flint. The bones bear the marks of modifications due to butchery activities of the Mousterian hunters. Through the use of carbon-14 and a technology of optical stimulation, the researchers were able to date them accurately.